Answer: In Romania, the gambling activity including the online sector, is controlled via the Government Emergency Ordinance no. 77/2009, modified and completed by the Government Emergency Ordinance no. 92/2014 and as well by all enforcement guidelines regarding these ordinance. The online gambling activity is defined by the Article No. 10, paragraph (1), letter h) and i) from the first ordinance as it follows:
“(…) h) online gambling refers to fixed-odds betting, organized through the agency of communication systems such as internet, landline and mobile systems;
i) Online gambling refers to different types of games of chance, others than those defined for the letters a),e),f),g) and h) (lotto games, bingo games organized in gaming halls or conducted via internet, landline or mobile phones, online betting representing fixed-odds betting) which are conducted in other ways, different from those involving the actual physical presence of players, organized and broadcasted through internet or other means and for which the organizer had previously requested and obtained an authorization(…) ”
The online betting can take place, as all other games of chance, only if the license for organizing gabling games is obtained and as well the gambling exploitation authorization. According to stipulations mentioned for acquiring the Romania online gambling license, the license for organizing games of chance is provided to economic operators who comply with the regulations and it is valid for 10 (ten) years only if the imposed taxes are being paid.
The experts at our law firm in Romania can provide complete details about these laws, and the subsequent, related rules and regulations.
Answer: In order to obtain the online gambling licence the following conditions must be fulfilled:
If investors need assistance during any of these steps, our Romanian lawyers can provide needed counsel.
Also, gambling operators must prove that:
Our Romanian lawyers are also able to assist for the requirements listed above. We can also help you with company formation in the country for the gambling business, such as opening a SRL company.
Answer: Please note the annual taxes for the licence of organizing games of chance in Romania, in particular for remote games of chance, there are three categories of license as follow:
1 st Class License: for the remote games presented in (i)-(n), in the case that the organizing operators have direct contracts with players. This is calculated in accordance with the organizer’s turnover. The turnover annual license fee is as follows:
2 nd Class License: for the legal persons that are involved in the traditional and remote games of chance, as well as the RENAR accredited conformity evaluation bodies also known as “companies specialized in the field”. This license is granted to:
3 rd Class License: for the State monopoly remote games - lottery games organized and transmitted via any communication system. Operators of lottery-type games will be granted EUR 115 000
Please note that these fees can be subject to change. If you need assistance, reach out to our attorneys in Romania.
The authorization for exploitation of games of chance is valid for one year covering the entire activity, developing and exploitation and for all adjacent technical equipments used for these purposes.
Answer: Procedures for obtaining the Romania online gambling license stipulate that in order to acquire the authorization for exploitation of games of chance, such as online betting, the economic operator must have the following documents:
The experts at our Romanian law firm can help you obtain the online gambling business license.
Answer: As it is easily noticeable, a novelty is the presence of a monitoring operator who comes to confirm the compliance with regulations, the monitoring operator and the economic operator are not interdependent. This monitoring body represents the National Gambling Office which is responsible for monitoring and reporting of the gambling services providers, their advertisers and affiliates. The National Gambling Office adds some transparency to the overall gambling regulations climate as it strictly indicates some precise provisions to be followed by economic operators involved in such activities.
Our lawyers in Romania can provide more details about the gabling regulator and related authorities.
The licence requested for the first paragraph is not necessary, if the licence for organizing games of chance is requested simultaneously with the authorization for exploitation of games of chance.
Adjacent taxes for the authorization of exploitation of online games of chance (annual):
These are only some guidance notes concerning this topic. For further information please contact us, our lawyers in Romania offer free consultations to businessman interested in starting a company in Romania.