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Lawyers for Debt Collection in Romania

Updated on Friday 18th July 2014

Question: I am from France, acting in the name of my partner's company, and I need to collect a debt from Romania. Can your law firm help me?

Answer: Because of the erratic business climate in Romania, the debt recovery procedure became a major chapter of our daily activity. Our team of lawyers in Bucharest is higly skilled in recovering debts from physical persons and legal entities, Romanian or foreign. Since we are thoroughly familiar with this field, we always manage to develop efficient mechanisms for debt recovery instances.

We provide professional legal assistance consisting in: drafting notices, summons for payment procedures, forced execution procedures etc. Before initiating any legal actions, one of our lawyers will make every effort to amicably recover the debt.

Question: I need to recover a debt from Romania, what options do I have?

Answer: According to Romanian legal provisions, there are three major possibilities of debt recovery:

Debt Collection Romania - Summons for payment

The summons for payment procedure is a specific phase in the Romanian debt  recovery process which requires explicit documents that can prove the debts (without penalties). According to law, the documents should be signed by the debtor. If possible, the documents should be also stamped by the debtor.

If all these conditions are met, the complaint shall be immediately judged. In this procedure, an irrevocable and final decision shall be obtained in maximum four months.

The documents required by law are: invoices, orders, account files or any other written document proving the concerned amount of money. 

Debt Recovery Romania - Common Law Procedure

If there are no documents signed and/or stamped by the debtor, then we have to use the common law procedure.The disadvantage of this procedure is that it takes a relatively long time; an irrevocable and final decision can be obtained in approx. 10 months (5 terms).

Also, this procedure is much more expensive. In this procedure we can use any proofs. According to debt recovery Romania stipulations, this procedure includes: prior conciliation procedure - mandatory according to Romanian legislation, in this procedure - (drafting notification, negotiations, etc.), drafting, filing and representation in front of the Court.

For this procedure, according to debt collection Bucharest department, the stamp duty for the Romanian state shall be about 8% of the total amount.

Insolvency procedure

If the debtor is presumed bankrupt (the last payment is due to pay for more than 30 days), we could start the insolvency procedure. Bankruptcy involves basically the same procedure as for summons for payment, but it can take longer, because the court must appoint a Liquidator. The Liquidator is the person appointed to prepare documents for liquidation of the company.

According to debt collection Bucharest procedures, the documentation includes inventory and balance sheet liquidation, stating the exact status of assets and liabilities of the Company. So all these operations may restrict and lead the Court to analyze the company’s status of insolvency for a longer period of time.

The Liquidator is obliged to receive and keep the company’s records, which have been entrusted by the administrators, and all the company’s documents.

This procedure in Court takes between 6 and 12 months and sometimes it can extend to over 18 moths.

Forced execution procedure

After obtaining an irrevocable and enforceable decision, we begin forced execution. Judicial executor’s (bailiff’s) fees are about 3% for the total amounts.

The procedure of force execution can take six months.

If the debtor is outside Bucharest, we can represent the client in front of the Court.

*Data from the section above are in accordance with the legislation in force, but serve strictly as informative.

Our fee for all these procedures can vary depending on the amounts disputed. A success fee may be added to the final costs depending on the difficulty and the duration of the dispute.

The fee includes: pre-negotiation phase (drafting notices, negotiations, etc.), filing and representation in front of the Court. Call us now for a free consultation.

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